- Experimentation; innovation, individualism; progress; purity; originality; seriousness.
- Exhaustion; pluralism; pessimism; disillusionment with the idea of absolute knowledge.
Modernism: Expression of: Modern life /Technology / New Materials / Communication [Modernity]
Postmodernism: Reaction to: Modern life /Technology / New Materials / Communication [Postmodernity]
•1917 - German writer Rudolph Pannwitz, spoke of ‘nihilistic, amoral, postmodern men’
•1964 - Leslie Fielder described a ‘post’ culture, which rejected the elitist values of Modern Culture
These people had broken away from modern European civilization values.
· 1960s beginnings
· 1970s established as term (Jencks)
· 1980s recognisable style
· 1980s & 90s dominant theoretical discourse
· Today: Tired & simmering
Uses of the term postmodern.
· after modernism
· the historical era following the modern
· contra modernism
· equivalent to ‘late capitalism’(Jameson)
· artistic and stylistic eclecticism
· ‘global village’ phenomena: globalization of cultures, races, images, capital, products
Frank Gehry, Guggenheim museum, Bilbao, 1997 Looks like melting in the heat - possible response to global warming? - making us as viewers become disillusioned with this idea / knowledge.
High art / low art divide.
David Shrigley ‘Art Lovers’ 2000I think this is a good example of showing the divide - showing what is clearly mimicking atroicious art, but is deemed excellent by those with money.
Things begin to change - a postmodern 'cult' of celebrity obsession and focus starts to set in (like in today's culture - being on T.V. has now become more important than what's actually on it.) as does a commodity culture - depicted here in:
Roy Lictenstein 'Red painting (brushstroke)' 1965
Richard Hamilton, 'Just what is it that makes today's homes so different, so appealing?' 1956
Key quotes from the lecture:
Quote 1. Robert Venturi
‘I like elements which are hybrid rather than ‘pure’, compromising rather than ‘clean’, distorted rather than ‘straight-forward’, ambiguous rather than ‘articulated’, perverse as well as impersonal….’
now you can reinvent yourself endlessly, gaily pick ‘n’ mixing your way through the gaudy fragments of a shattered culture’.
" Crisis in confidence - But:
also = freedom, new possibilities
Questioning old limitations
Space for marginalised discourse:
Women, sexual diversity & multiculturalism"
CONCLUSION: postmodernism is...
- A vague disputed term
- Po-Mo attitude of questioning conventions (esp. Modernism)
- Po-Mo aesthetic = multiplicity of styles & approaches
- Shift in thought & theory investigating ‘crisis in confidence’ Eg. Lyotard
- Space for ‘new voices’
- Rejection of technological determinism?